Air pollution comes from many sources such as the smoke stack in a factory, car exhaust, or off gassing from paint or producing plastic . Animals and plants that depend on water for life are the most affected by polluted water. For instance, Kanpur’s leather units have got adversely affected by the use of polluted water of the Ganga. It has emerged as one of the most serious environmental threats in India. Some effects of pollution are imposing on sea animals is as follows: Waste such as metals, plastics, glass, and radioactive drainage is responsible for the killing of hundreds of sea animals … In children, the excess of nitrate leads to the disease. It is usually the result of both garbage dumped by individuals and dangerous chemicals legally or illegally dumped by manufacturing industries, health centers, schools, and market places. It has also been observed that some industry associations also drain radio-active substances into the water sources which destroy organisms and plants instantly and are extremely harmful. placement: 'Right Rail Thumbnails', Sources are many but the solutions are few. The effects that have been making headlines across the world include global warming, the melting of polar ice caps, the extin… The effects of water system are far reaching and affect human beings, plants, and animals directly or indirectly. Composition of nitrate resulting from fertilizer and chemicals used in agricultural lands, waste dumps or pit latrines causes contamination of the groundwater. Water pollution affects lakes, oceans, rivers, bays and drinking water making it a global crisis. The effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans and animal across the globe. Around the globe more than 80 per cent of diseases are due directly or indirectly to polluted water. container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', The dangers emanating from water pollution have severely affected humans, animals, and plants. Similarly, the sewage water getting mixed into the water of the rivers, helps in the increase of fungus, algae, bacteria, etc which start to erupt faster. Hepatitis, cholera, dysentery and typhoid are the common waterborne diseases, which affect the majority of tropical area. When we use the natural resources and exhaust them to the fullest, the homes of many animals are lost during the process. google_ad_height = 250; Sometimes, when an air pollutant, such as sulfuric acid, combines with the water droplets that make up clouds, the water droplets become acidic, forming acid rain. First, they overwhelm and wash away nutrients essential to plant … The effects on sea animals: Water pollution is affecting marine life in many harmful and threatening ways. Her past work experience includes teaching pre-nursing students beginning biology, human anatomy and physiology. Because oceans are part of the food chain, marine pollution affects a wide spectra of species, including humans. ii) Effects of air pollution on animals Air pollution is a threat to humans, domestic and wild animals through the following ways: • Causes respiratory problems. Making self-interest their priority, man violates various established laws and regulations and drains various harmful substances coming out from the factories directly into the water sources. Fertilizer use has similar impacts. Both domestic and industrial reasons are contributing to this problem. By definition, habitat is an ecological area that is inhabited by particular animals, plants or other types of organisms. According to the scientists, a large number of diseases in India can be attributed to drinking of sewage mixed water. This condition also leads to the eruption of various diseases and most of them being transmittable and fatal. -Marion Nestle. Here are some adverse effects of water pollution. Effects of Water Pollution on Animals. High levels of nitrogen, phosphates and phosphorus into waterways can encourage the growth of invasive plants, again setting up a scenario of altered water quality. The effects of air pollution on plants and animals may be measured by the following factors: (1) interference with enzyme systems; (2) change in cellular chemical constituents and physical structure; (3) retardation of growth and reduced production because of metabolic changes; (4) … In this disease, nitrate contamination in groundwater results in decreased oxygen carrying capacity of haemoglobin in babies, leading to their death. The chemicals responsible for the pollution include carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides. To protect human beings, plants and other life forms, it is urgent to find out the solution of water pollution and collective efforts by individuals, society and the government are required to achieve this aim. //-->. Polluted water is like poison for human beings. The excess of magnesium and sulphate in water irritates the intestines. Pollutants in water runoff affect plants in two main ways. Most water-dwelling animals tend to suffocate or drown on being trapped and unable to swim. According to a survey in most of the rivers, the amount of oxygen in a litre of water has decreased to 0.1 cubic centimetre only, while this average in 1940 was around 2.5 cubic centimetres. Polluted water used for irrigation also contaminates the soil and the agricultural produce. Urban sewage and industrial waste flows into the water sources without treatment. If one uses this water, one can fall a victim to terrible diseases like cancer. If the polluted water gets stagnated, it becomes a breeding ground for mosquito and many other parasites which are very common in tropical areas. If today, the river Hooghly is considered among the most polluted rivers in the world, it is only due to water pollution. The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water. Contaminated water contains a variety of disease-causing bacteria that results in several types of ailment. The main toxic elements among them include cadmium, lead, nickel, silver, arsenic, etc. The effects of air pollution on plants are widely seen and damage all plants including our food crops and trees. Increasing pollution in the sea and oceanic areas has become a threat. Moreover, water pollution can also affect terrestrial animals, particularly because the water coming from rivers and lakes is oftentimes used for irrigating soil and agricultural products. Studies on Drosophila have shown that mutation rates were increased enormously on radiation exposure. Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Exposure is high in higher animals than the lower animals such as flies and insects. Answer to this question would be too lengthy and technical. Things have become so alarming that many aquatic species are on the brink of extinction. Polluted water also negatively impacts the breeding power of aquatic life. In some parts of the world, some species are already on the verge of extinction due to water pollution. The effects are especially dire when the pH levels of waterways are altered. Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases. Polluted water  contains lead which when consumed by the humans while drinking water leads to producing various ailments such as joint pain, kidney disease and heart disease in them. He was also a senior editor with Exchange4media group’s real estate magazine 'Realty Plus', and prior to that Consulting Editor with 'Geopolitics', a magazine on defence and strategic affairs. Due to plethora of moss in the polluted water of the rivers, the sun light fails to reach to the depths of the river which affects the growth of aquatic plants in the lack of photosynthesis. Polluted water being acidic in nature also damages the structure of the pot in which it is stored which results in interruptions in water storage. The result is precipitation with acidic pH levels. As per an estimate, almost 2.5 million people in over 34000 villages of India are suffering from cholera. Where there is a will there is a way essay, Carbon Footprint: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Waste Disposal: Meaning, Facts, Information, Types/Methods, Importance and Solutions, Prevention and Solutions of Soil Pollution, Environmental Problems That Our World is Facing Today, How Plastic Bags are Harmful to Marine Life. The reality of water pollution and […] Rogers's more than 10 years in conservation makes her equally at home in the outdoors. Soil contamination can also occur, making entire environments unfit for life. target_type: 'mix' Fish and other aquatic organisms start dying due to lack of oxygen in the polluted water. Water pollution has varied and drastic effects on the plant and animal life of our planet. One notable effect of water pollution is depopulation. When deposited in water sources like pond, lakes and oceans, water plants that feed on water animals are affected. Hazardous waste, heavy metals and mercury can damage the health of an ecosystem to a point where it cannot recover. Excess quantities of iron, manganese, calcium, barium, chromium, copper, cilium, boron, and other salts such as nitrate, sulphate, borate, carbonate, etc in water have adverse effects on human health. Excessive use of soap, soda, bleaching powder, detergent or acids at home and chemicals in the industries are primarily responsible for water pollution. The oil pollutes beaches, water and plant life, which impacts animals in many ways. The ability of industries also gets reduced due to water pollution as it affects the performance of industrial units. Contamination of the groundwater from the use of pesticides causes reproductive damage within wildlife and domesticated animals within the … Mercury is the primary cause of contamination in U.S. estuaries and lakes. By worm – Filariasis, hydatid cyst and a variety of worm disease (various types of stomach worms). Pesticides in water bodies can cause fish kill and through the decomposition of animal material, lower pH and oxygen levels, unsustainable for life. Some of adverse effects of water pollution are as follows: Water pollution adversely affects the health and life of man, animals and plants alike. degrading water quality and rendering it toxic to humans or the environment Subscribe to our YouTube … Statistics from the Centre for Biological Diversity on the effects of the Deep Horizon spill provides a useful glimpse of the impact of pollution on aquatic life. Contaminated water is not only unsuitable for drinking but also for agriculture purposes. By protozoa – Pyorrhoea, dysentery, narcolepsy (epidemic encephalitis), malaria, amoebiasis, and giardiasis. Water pollution reduces the level of oxygen in it. Once in the atmosphere, it undergoes a process called methylation to become the more toxic form, methylmercury. This may lead to health issues in herbivorous animals who feed on agricultural plants and leftovers. Also, animals fall prey to a variety of diseases due to drinking polluted water. Biological effects of radiation are generally common to man and animals. According to the EPA, over 300 million tons of pesticides are used each year, often ending up in waterways, the majority being classified as carcinogens. When organic substances in the polluted water start decaying, it produces hydrogen sulphide and ammonia gas which gives the water very bad smell. Polluted water is also harmful for agriculture as it adversely affects the crops and the soil fertility. Due to rapid industrialization, water pollution has already reached dangerous levels. Chris Dinesen Rogers has been online marketing for more than eight years. Higher animals are more susceptible to genetic damages due to radiation. Thes… Different varieties of fish are the most affected creatures due to water pollution. Polluted water makes the life of aquatic organism miserable. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Soil Pollution Leads to Air and Water Contamination. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. Radioactive substances produced from nuclear explosions also reach the water bodies and makes drinking water severely contaminated. In some parts of the world, some species are already on the verge of extinction due to water pollution. Water pollution results in the death of smaller fishes, mollusks, bugs, insects and their larvae; these are … Digital Vision./Digital Vision/Getty Images. Reduced or impaired reproduction, cancer, neurological damage and more susceptibility to disease are common effects long after oil spills have been cleaned up. Hydrocarbons in the oil spread on the surface of the oceans due to which marine and aquatic organisms do not get the oxygen and they die consequently. Stricter regulating of industries is needed to slow further contamination. In the polluted water of the rivers, some aquatic weed as aquatic ferns and water hyacinth start increasing. Currently, he lends his professional expertise to several publications and websites in content planning, commissioning, writing, and editing. Whether direct or indirect, accidental or intentional, pollution of our waterways not only affects animals and plants, but the ecosystem itself. Polluted water leads to the worst effect on human health. More disconcerting are the potential long term effects of toxins in the environment. The effects of water pollution are varied and depend on what chemicals are dumped and in which locations. Apart from diarrhoea, and breathing problems, drinking polluted water causes skin diseases. Due to water pollution, the river Ganga which is regarded by Indians as a sacred river in which they take a holy dip to purify themselves has also become highly polluted. Thus continuous intake of contaminated drinking water is the reasons behind various stomach related disorders and other diseases like lumps in throat, tooth decay, etc. Millions of tribal villagers in Rajasthan are suffering from various diseases due to drinking dirty water from the ponds. Water pollution causes all water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater to get contaminated and certainly human activities are responsible for these conditions. Today, water pollution has assumed alarming proportions. The affects of these metals vary. It also increases the risk of kidney diseases. The water sometimes contains excess nutrients which causes the excess growth of plants. This highly toxic pollutant is responsible for over 80 percent of human fish consumption advisories, affecting over 10 million acres of lakes, by U.S. Geological Survey figures. 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